Research and technological development activities are carried out on national level mainly by these actors: universities, public research institutes and private companies.
Funding for research and innovation development comes mainly from Public funds such as the Ministry for Universities and Research (MIUR), but other central bodies also allocate funds to research activities, for example, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry for the Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture, and other relevant bodies. Public funding may derive from national sources (allocated by different ministries in support of universities, research institutes, businesses and other private bodies involved in research) and regional (funding comes from regional balance sheets to the development and innovation process in local production systems). In addition to these funding, European funds contribute to research and innovation.
In Italy private investment may come from business and from leading national associations.
Internationalisation is a key factor for boosting the national research landscape. To this aim Italy cooperates at international level with many actors within bilateral and multilateral agreements involving countries all over the world, in addition to European countries like North America (USA and Canada), Japan, emerging economies (like Brazil, Russia, India, South Africa and China), Mediterranean countries and sub-Saharan Africa. For more information please visit http://www.ricercainternazionale.miur.it/.
The priorities and areas of intervention are determined at government level. The Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR) draws up a National Research Programme (PNR) every three years.
The evaluation and assessment of the research are in charge of the following bodies: the National Committee of Guarantors for Research – CNGR (Comitato Nazionale dei Garanti per la Ricerca) and the National Agency for the Evaluation of the University and Research Systems - ANVUR (Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del sistema Universitario e della Ricerca).
For more information on research in Italy (overview, fundings, main actors, etc.) please visit ResearchItaly website.